Harrods Creek Fire Protection District – HCFD.ORG

Harrods Creek Fire Protection District - HCFD.ORGUnder the leadership of Chief Kevin Tyler, the Harrods Creek Fire Protection District serves approximately 20 square miles of Eastern Jefferson County in Louisville, KY. We provide Fire & Rescue services as well as ALS first response to our District and surrounding areas.

Our Mission
Preserve Life and Property Through Prevention, Education and Response.

Our Vision
The Harrods Creek Fire Protection District will continue to serve our community without prejudice of social, economic, or cultural backgrounds. Through uncertain economic times we are committed to developing all of our resources – both internal and external – to their fullest potential, while empowering each member with the authority needed to effectively and efficiently perform the duties with which we are entrusted.

As Fire Chief of the Harrods Creek Fire Protection District (HCFPD), I have the opportunity to serve in a destination community for both citizens and visitors.  The Harrods Creek Fire Protection District is fortunate to have the finest fire service professionals in the state. The men and women of the HCFPD are highly trained, extremely motivated, well educated, and loyally focused on their core mission of serving the community.

HCFPD has a rich history of service to a growing community and now offers comprehensive fire, hazardous incident response and emergency medical services in a community of approximately 22,000 citizens in a 20 square mile area.

The HCFPD is a core member of the Jefferson County Fire Service and participates in automatic aid with neighboring fire districts.  This system ensures that the closest available appropriate resource responds to calls for service regardless of municipal jurisdiction and that an orderly and reliable incident command system is utilized.

Your HCFPD Firefighters have bravely and successfully confronted the hazards of our growing suburban environment, and continue to mitigate complex life safety problems through risk management, strategic planning, disciplined deployment, and an aggressive fire attack and rescue philosophy. The hard-working professionals of the HCFPD are dedicated first and foremost to guarding the quality of life for the citizens and visitors of our community through multi-dimensional emergency response and the protection of life, property, and the environment.

It is our mission to Preserve Life and Property through Prevention, Education and Response.

Training, Health and Safety

Training for the Harrods Creek Fire District is jointly conducted with the St. Matthews and Worthington Fire Districts. Training is coordinated by Training Major Mike Richardson (St. Matthews). Monthly training includes:

  1. Week 1 – Annual/Mandatory training
  2. Week 2 – Crew/Operational Training (Technical Rescue included)
  3. Week 3 – EMS Continuing Education Training
  4. Week 4 – Speciality Training (Instructed by Company Officers)

Training is conducted in two groups with Companies from Station(s) 1 training in the morning and Companies from Station(s) 2 participating in the afternoon.

Health and Safety

Department Health and Safety is coordinated by Major Keith Brooks (Harrods Creek) and includes yearly medical physicals, infection and exposure control as well as the department Physical Fitness program which utilizes IAFF Certified Peer Fitness Trainers who perform annual evaluations and program design for our members.

Read Usefull Information Here

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  • Choosing the Right Fire Extinguisher for Your Environment
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  • What Is a Fire Station?
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  • How to Become a Firefighter
    Firefighters put out fires, save lives and property, and rescue people from danger. They also help investigate suspicious fires, train others on safety and emergency procedures, and perform community outreach. A career as a firefighter requires specialized training in the use of tools and equipment, as well as physical fitness and emotional resilience. Firefighters work long shifts and are often on call at all times, which can interfere with personal and family life. They must be able to cope with stress, high levels of adrenaline and the risk of injury and death in hazardous situations. To become a firefighter, you must complete a fire academy program, which usually includes classroom study and hands-on practical skills acquisition. During the academy, you learn to operate various pieces of firefighting equipment and how to respond to emergency calls. You also undergo extensive physical training, such as climbing ladders and using axes, battering rams and other hand tools. Applicants who do not have the strength and stamina required by this physically demanding job will not graduate from the academy. As a firefighter, you may be called to respond to many different types of emergencies, including structural and brush fires, auto accidents and other disasters. You must be able to evaluate a situation quickly and decide on the best course of action. You may have to break windows, doors or roofs of a structure to gain entry for rescue operations. You also might be needed to clear blocked roadways or waterways, extinguish chemical spills or free trapped victims from unsafe conditions. When responding to a fire or other crisis, firefighters must be able to communicate quickly with each other and other emergency response personnel via radio. They must also be able to follow detailed written and verbal instructions in order to properly handle an incident, particularly when working with other agencies such as police or ambulance crews. Firefighters are responsible for inspecting their vehicles, equipment and living quarters to ensure that they are ready for service. They also participate in regular drills and physical fitness training. Since they must live together in a tight-knit group while on duty, firefighters develop strong social skills and the ability to interact with all kinds of people in stressful situations. Many firefighters are full-time career professionals, but some departments are staffed by volunteers who donate their time. Regardless of how they are paid, firefighters must adhere to a strict daily routine that involves checking and cleaning their living quarters, trucks and equipment, and talking with community groups about fire prevention. As a firefighter, you might be called to deal with traumatic events and critical incidents, which can lead to feelings of anxiety, depression or burnout. You must be able to deal with these stresses by using relaxation techniques and seeking psychological support. Additionally, you must be able to tolerate loud noises, smoky and dusty conditions and intense physical activity while wearing heavy gear. This can affect your health and cause fatigue, so it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle as a firefighter.
  • Fire Protection – How to Protect Yourself, Your Family, and Your Home From a Fire
    Fire protection is the process and equipment that detect, alert, and extinguish fires to protect people, business assets, and property. Fire protection systems include active systems like fire alarms and sprinklers that activate in the event of a fire, as well as passive systems like smoke barriers and compartmentalization to keep flames or smoke contained to a specific area. The most effective way to protect your home from a fire is by installing working smoke alarms. These can be purchased at most hardware and home improvement stores for as low as $10 each, and many local fire departments provide them free of charge. Additionally, having a fire escape plan that is practiced regularly will also increase the chances of you and your family escaping a home fire safely. Commercial buildings require a variety of fire safety measures to ensure the protection of employees, customers, and business assets. This includes fire detection and alarms, mass communication systems, and evacuation plans to help people exit the building quickly and efficiently. Additionally, fire suppression systems are a great option for large facilities to prevent the spread of fire and smoke. When a fire starts, you usually have just minutes to get out of the building. This is why it’s so important to have working smoke alarms and a fire escape plan that you practice on a regular basis. It’s also important to understand the different stages of a fire so you can take proactive steps to minimize the impact of a fire. A fire typically moves through four stages: ignition, growth, full development, and burnout. During the growth stage, a fire grows rapidly and can easily spread to other areas of the building. At this stage, the risk of flashover is high, and firefighters should prioritize evacuating people from the building. Once a fire has fully developed, it can threaten the structural integrity of the building and create an unsafe environment for people to evacuate. To reduce the risk of a fire spreading, firefighters may use water or other types of fire suppression chemicals. The final phase of a fire is burnout, when the fire’s heat and smoke are reduced. At this stage, the risk of fire spreading is lower, but it’s still important to have an evacuation plan and know the hazards associated with a burning fire. For example, embers and burning logs can continue to produce heat even after the fire is out. This is why it’s important to always properly extinguish any campfires or grills after you are finished cooking. Additionally, it’s important to follow local fire ordinances and avoid outdoor activities during times of high fire danger.
  • The Legal Process Following a Fire Accident
    Fire is one of the most common disasters that can occur in your home. These tragedies are a result of human negligence, and the damage that they cause can be devastating to a family’s livelihood and emotional well-being. Fire accidents are also incredibly costly. Depending on the extent of the damage, you may need to rebuild your home, repair or replace your personal belongings and possibly even relocate. In addition, your family may experience financial loss due to lost income and other expenses associated with the fire. Often, these damages are not covered by insurance, and the legal process of recovering compensation can be complicated and difficult. Fortunately, the Louisville burn injury lawyers at Sampson Law Firm are available to guide you through the recovery process. Whether the fire was caused by faulty equipment, poor house maintenance, negligence during construction or repair or some other act of omission, there are a number of legal theories that can lead to a successful case. The most important step in any claim is to gather evidence. This includes photos, videos, and other documents that demonstrate the extent of your losses. Organize your documentation and store it in a safe place that is easily accessible. After the fire, you will need to call your insurance agent or company to start the process of getting compensation. When it is safe, you should begin the clean-up process by removing any valuables and securing your property against unauthorized entry. If you have sustained injuries, first aid should be administered as soon as possible. Minor burns can be treated using personal first aid techniques, while more severe burns require immediate medical attention at a hospital emergency room or urgent care center. Exposure to toxic smoke, carbon monoxide, and lack of oxygen can impair judgment and affect your ability to escape the fire. As the heart of your home, it’s not uncommon for kitchen fires to occur in residential homes. Cooking, frying foods and the use of electrical appliances are all common causes of kitchen fires. Fireplaces and wood stoves are potential ignition sources as well. Other sources of fires include space heaters, faulty wiring and chimneys and furnaces that are not regularly maintained. It’s essential to hire an attorney as soon as you can following a fire accident. A good lawyer will be able to thoroughly investigate the case and secure evidence to prove the extent of your losses. They will be able to obtain and analyze police reports, safety inspection reports, fire department reports and medical and forensic reports. They will also be able to assess your damages and future expected expenses including medical costs, loss of income, and non-economic damages such as pain and suffering. They will then negotiate with the insurance company and opposition attorneys for maximum compensation on your behalf. If necessary, they will be able to secure the services of experts to reconstruct the accident and provide expert testimony. These experts can also testify as to the amount of your non-economic damages.
  • How Does Fire Work?
    Fire has captivated us for millennia, and it continues to play an important role in our daily lives. We use it to cook food, warm ourselves and light the way at night. We also depend on it for power, transportation and countless other industrial processes. But how exactly does it work? There are three things required for fire: heat, fuel (something to burn) and oxygen. When these are combined in the correct proportions, they create a chemical reaction called combustion that releases energy. The process is exothermic, which means it produces more energy than it consumes. This energy is released in the form of heat, water and carbon dioxide. If the flame is not extinguished, the burning fuel continues to oxidize, producing more heat. This cycle repeats itself over and over until the amount of available oxygen begins to diminish, causing the flame to weaken and eventually go out. When this happens, the atoms of the fuel are released as carbon particles that cling to surfaces in the form of soot. While the fuel remains hot, convection and radiation spread the fire. This is how a candle or fireplace blaze can quickly become an entire roomful of flames. It also helps explain why a fire is so dangerous to humans and other animals. The intense heat of the fire can cause burns and smoke inhalation. The carbon particles can also collect in our lungs, causing permanent lung damage. The odor of smoke can even lead to pulmonary asphyxiation, where air is not able to get into the lungs. The chemical composition of a flame varies depending on the type of fuel being burned and its temperature. Different types of fuel have a different flash point—the temperature at which the material will begin to vaporize and ignite. Fuels such as coal and wood have different flash points, which is why they require different amounts of heat to start a fire. When a flame is at its height, all of the combustible material in the room has reached its flash point. The heat produced by the flame can then ignite other combustible materials through conduction, convection and radiation. The resulting gases can then rise and heat other surfaces, igniting them as well. This is why it’s essential to always keep a fire contained and away from other combustible materials. Aside from the physical benefits, a roaring fire is also calming and socially satisfying. People who regularly watch and enjoy a blazing fire can experience a significant drop in their blood pressure. Moreover, a study found that the snap, crackle and pop of a fire causes a release of testosterone in men. So, next time you want to relax by the hearth or in your backyard fire pit, be sure to grab some wood and kindling and let the dancing flames wash your worries away.
  • Types of Fire Trucks
    Fire trucks have a lot going on under the hood to get their crew to and from emergency scenes. They’re a combination of a personnel carrier, toolbox and water tanker that work together to help firefighters do their jobs safely. When we think of fire trucks, we usually picture them spraying water at a scene or deploying a ladder to help save a person or animal. While this is part of their function, they also have a number of other important duties that keep firefighters safe. Firefighting apparatus, or fire trucks, are highly-specialized vehicles that have been customized to meet the needs of a specific fire department. They often carry a variety of equipment, including firefighting hoses, tools, and even medical supplies. Some even have an on-board air system, allowing firefighters to wear their SCBAs while on the way to and from the scene, without having to worry about their air running out. While there are many different types of fire trucks, they all follow the same basic design. Each is built around a chassis that supports the vehicle’s engine, pump, and equipment storage. The front of the truck holds the captain and driver, and a compartment in the back holds the rest of the crew. Each occupant wears their SCBA, which is hooked up to the truck’s on-board air system. Firefighters can also store their specialized rescue equipment in the back of the truck, keeping it organized and ready to use. A Type 1 fire truck, sometimes referred to as an engine company or engine pumper, is the most common fire truck in use today. It is designed to support urban, rural and suburban fire departments by carrying all the required NFPA equipment to handle structural firefighting and initial emergency medical services response. These fire trucks typically have a GVWR ranging from 26,000 lbs in Type 1 engines to 14,500 lbs in Type 3 trucks. Wildland fire trucks are based on commercial 4×4 chassis and are commonly used to support wildfire response and urban interface. These fire trucks are designed to be sleek and maneuverable to manage off-road and variable terrain. They have a high Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) to ensure stability and control in these conditions and must be equipped with a fire suppression foam system. Fire departments can choose to build their own trucks or buy them pre-made, but they must meet NFPA standards for firefighting equipment and gross vehicle weight ratings when fully loaded. The team at US Fire Apparatus can work with your fire department to build the right fire truck for your community’s unique needs. Built by industry leader HME Ahrens-Fox, this Type 1 Wildland fire truck delivers the perfect balance of safety, handling and durability. Whether responding to wildfires or structural emergencies, this fire truck has the capabilities you need to stay on the job for hours on end. Contact US Fire Apparatus today to learn more about this model or other options for your department.
  • Serba-Serbi Toto Macau: Data, Hasil, dan Live Draw Tercepat!
    Saat ini, Toto Macau telah menjadi perbincangan hangat di kalangan pencinta judi togel. Dari pengeluaran hingga data terkini, informasi seputar togel Macau selalu dikuti dengan antusiasme. Para pemain judi pun selalu mencari hasil tercepat dan live draw terupdate agar dapat memantau dengan cermat setiap keluaran nya. Dengan hadirnya situs-situs toto Macau dan togel Macau hari ini, para penggemar togel semakin dimudahkan untuk mengakses informasi keluaran terbaru. Kehadiran live draw Macau yang tercepat juga memungkinkan pemain untuk segera mengetahui hasil undian tanpa harus menunggu lama. Terlebih lagi, keluaran Macau hari ini yang cepat dan akurat menjadi hal yang sangat dinantikan para pecinta togel. Pengenalan Toto Macau Toto Macau adalah permainan togel yang populer di kalangan pemain judi online. Pengeluaran Macau menjadi informasi yang dinantikan setiap hari oleh para pemain yang ingin mengetahui hasil undian terbaru. Data Macau merupakan kumpulan angka-angka hasil keluaran yang dapat digunakan untuk menganalisis pola dan strategi dalam bermain togel Macau. Dengan berbagai situs togel Macau yang menyediakan informasi terkini, pemain dapat lebih mudah mengakses data terbaru. Live draw Macau memberikan kesempatan kepada pemain untuk menyaksikan secara langsung proses pengundian angka secara realtime. Hal ini membuat pengalaman bermain toto Macau semakin menarik dan seru bagi para penggemar judi togel online. Data dan Hasil Toto Macau Pada hari ini, keluaran Toto Macau menunjukkan hasil yang menarik bagi para pemainnya. Dengan adanya data tercepat yang tersedia, para penggemar togel Macau dapat dengan mudah memantau hasil undian tersebut. Situs toto Macau menjadi sumber utama bagi mereka yang ingin mengetahui hasil pengeluaran terbaru. Togel Macau hari ini juga menampilkan informasi penting bagi para penggemar judi togel. toto macau Dari pengeluaran Macau tercepat hingga data keluaran terbaru, pemain bisa langsung memeriksanya melalui situs resmi togel Macau. Hal ini memudahkan mereka untuk mengecek hasil undian tanpa harus menunggu waktu lama. Dengan live draw Toto Macau yang tersedia hari ini, pemain dapat menyaksikan proses pengundian secara langsung. Ini memberikan pengalaman yang lebih interaktif dan menyenangkan bagi mereka yang antusias mengikuti hasil keluaran Macau. Dengan demikian, para pecinta togel Macau dapat merasakan sensasi keseruan dalam melihat langsung angka-angka keberuntungan yang keluar. Live Draw Tercepat Pada bagian ini, kita akan membahas tentang live draw toto Macau yang tercepat di situs-situs togel Macau terpercaya. Dengan adanya fitur live draw ini, para pemain dapat langsung melihat hasil pengeluaran secara real-time tanpa harus menunggu lama. Kecepatan live draw ini memungkinkan para pemain untuk segera mengetahui hasil keluaran dan sekaligus memonitor angka-angka yang keluar. Dengan begitu, para pemain bisa segera merespons dan melakukan analisis terhadap hasil yang didapatkan. Situs-situs togel Macau yang menyediakan live draw tercepat ini sangat diminati oleh para pecinta togel Macau karena memberikan kemudahan dan kenyamanan dalam memantau hasil-hasil keluaran. Dengan adanya fitur live draw tercepat ini, para pemain dapat merasakan sensasi bermain togel yang lebih seru dan menyenangkan.
  • Important Things to Do After a Fire Accident
    A fire accident is a devastating experience for those involved. Not only does the fire destroy property, it can also cause serious physical injuries and psychological trauma. While it may be impossible to recover from the loss of a home or other possessions, there are steps victims can take to address financial losses and rebuilding their lives. The first step after a fire accident is to ensure everyone’s safety. It is important to follow a family emergency communication plan, and only re-enter the building once it has been deemed safe to do so by officials. It is also important to check on vulnerable family members and friends. In addition, it is important to seek medical attention for anyone who has been injured by smoke inhalation or carbon monoxide. It is important to document the damage done by the fire, as soon as it is safe to do so. This includes taking photographs of the property and items that have been destroyed or damaged. This documentation will help with the insurance claim process and ensure that the victim receives a fair and adequate amount of compensation to cover their losses. There are many causes of fire accidents. Some are natural, while others are man-made. Some of the most common causes include arson, carelessness, defective equipment, and weather conditions. Fires can also be caused by electrical issues, overflowing trash bins, and unattended cooking. Regardless of the cause, a fire accident can be devastating. When a fire accident occurs, it is essential to contact the authorities immediately. The authorities will then investigate the accident and determine its cause. They will then issue a report on the incident. The report will contain details on the cause of the fire, its impact, and the people who were affected by it. It is also important to contact the fire department and obtain a copy of the fire accident report, if possible. This will provide official documentation of the fire and may contain crucial information that can be used in a lawsuit against the defendant. If you have been injured in a fire accident, it is important to consult a Louisville burn injury lawyer as soon as possible. This will help you get the money you need to pay for your losses and rebuild. The lawyer will be able to explain the law regarding fire accidents and how it can affect your case. It is crucial to have a good insurance policy after a fire accident. This will ensure that you get the proper compensation for your loss and will make the process easier. The attorney will be able to guide you on how much coverage you need and how to file the correct paperwork. They will also be able to negotiate with the insurance company on your behalf. This will help to avoid any disputes that may occur during the settlement process. This is especially helpful when the insurance company denies a valid claim. They will also be able to explain the process of obtaining an independent appraisal.
  • What Is Fire and Why Is It Important?
    Fire is a chemical reaction that converts fuel, usually a solid, liquid or gas, into carbon dioxide and water. The process generates lots of heat because it is an exothermic chemical process. The heat can spread to nearby combustible material by conduction or through radiation. It can also ignite a new fire through the process of ignition. Fire can be contained by using fuel, oxygen and an ignition source such as lightning or a match. It is important to know that fire is a powerful and dangerous force, so it is important to use it responsibly. When we burn wood, oil or natural gas in our homes, it produces heat and carbon dioxide, which are pollutants. These gases can escape into the environment and cause health issues. Fire also contributes to climate change by releasing carbon dioxide, which can increase global temperatures. In the wild, fire plays an important role in ecosystems. For example, fire helps to remove the buildup of dead organic material from the soil. In addition, it releases nutrients that can help the surrounding plants and animals thrive. It is important to practice controlled burning, called “prescribed burns,” to improve habitat and prevent unwanted wildfires. Class A: Ordinary combustible materials such as wood, paper and many plastics burn with an ember and leave behind ash. Class B: Combustible materials such as carpet, linoleum, rubber and some plastics burn with a smoky flame. The heat from fire breaks the bonds in the atoms of the fuel and oxidizer, causing them to expand rapidly. The rising carbon atoms emit light, which is why a flame appears white. If the atoms are cool, they will glow orange or yellow. When a flame reaches its ignition temperature, it ignites other combustible material and forms a continuous flame. The heat from the flame can then continue to propagate through conduction, convection or radiation. It only takes a few minutes for a small fire to become life-threatening and for a residence to be completely engulfed in flames. This is because the chemicals in a fire are very volatile, which allows them to spread quickly and easily. Sitting by a fire provides numerous physical and psychological benefits, including relaxation, lower blood pressure, reduced stress and decreased anxiety. It can also be socially beneficial. Chopping up logs and gathering other materials for a fire is an excellent workout, as well as a good way to spend time outdoors. A recent study found that men who regularly chop wood report higher testosterone levels than men who do not. It’s also a great way to stay physically active while enjoying the company of friends and family. For those who are not comfortable sitting in the open air, a fireplace can provide the same comforting experience while remaining inside. Regularly spending time around a fire is a wonderful way to get more vitamin D, which is known to strengthen bones and improve immune function. In fact, people who regularly sit by a fireplace report being less stressed and having fewer health problems than those who don’t.
  • Fire Trucks – The Workhorses of Fire Departments
    A fire truck is an amazing piece of equipment. It not only transports firefighters to the scene of an emergency, it also carries a pump, water tank, hoses and ladders. Fire trucks come in different configurations to meet the needs of specific situations and environments. Firetrucks are equipped with lights and sirens to warn people of their presence and allow them to maneuver safely through traffic. In addition to firefighting and rescue capabilities, many fire trucks are also equipped with medical equipment. Trained EMT’s and Paramedics are often onboard to provide life saving care on the way to a hospital. Fire engines are the workhorses of fire departments, commonly referred to as engine companies or engine pumpers. The most common type of fire engine features a pump that is capable of spraying water at rates up to 1,000 gallons per minute. Tanks sizes can range from 500 to 3,000 gallons and pumps are capable of delivering water at varying pressures depending on the nozzle, diameter and length of the hose. The crew of a fire engine is split into two sections: the front cab holds the captain and driver, while the back section includes seats for the rest of the crew. Each seat is outfitted with special compartments that allow the crew to easily don their protective clothing and SCBA — Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus. The rig is equipped with two-way radios and computers to ensure constant communication between the crew, fire station, and emergency dispatch. Some fire engines are built with a ladder on top, creating a combination vehicle known as a quint. These vehicles are used to access high areas in a building, for instance to reach trapped victims. Others are fitted with a water tower on the roof to deliver water at a higher volume. A fire truck can also be equipped with a foam system for incidents where hazardous materials are present. The foam can suffocate and prevent the material from re-igniting. Many fire trucks are fitted with a number of additional accessories such as lights, nozzles, adapters and hand tools. The nozzles can be configured to deliver water at various pressures, flow rates and abrasion resistance levels. The hoses can be pre-connected, which saves time and allows the crew to start flowing water as soon as they arrive at the site. These hoses can be long and thick, with some capable of spraying water up to 1000 feet. In addition, many fire trucks are outfitted with a deluge gun — a powerful nozzle that can be used to flood or wet down a structure.
  • Shopping For a Fire Extinguisher
    Fire extinguishers are a valuable tool to have in the home, especially when it comes to putting out small fires before they spread. Most fire departments recommend that households have at least one fire extinguisher and that everyone know how to use it. When shopping for a fire extinguisher, you’ll need to consider what kind of fires the extinguisher will fight and whether you want it to be portable or stationary. The best fire extinguishers are multipurpose and will fight classes A, B, and C. The first commercial fire extinguisher was developed in 1928 by DuGas and used a sodium bicarbonate cartridge that was pressurized with CO2. It dispensed the agent by turning a wheel valve at the top to puncture the cartridge, then pressing a lever at the end of the hose. These were the ancestors of modern hand-held dry chemical extinguishers. A modern variation on this is a carbon dioxide extinguisher that uses compressed carbon dioxide to smother the fire by dispersing the gas over the surface of the burning material. These are lightweight and easy to use, but require the operator to have a clear view of the fire and to be careful not to discharge the fire extinguisher at the wrong angle or location, which can cause a spraying effect and make it difficult to aim. Most home improvement stores sell multipurpose fire extinguishers that fight Class A, Class B, and Class C fires. The key is to look for a fire extinguisher with a UL (Underwriters Laboratories) rating, which indicates the unit has been independently tested and approved by a nationally recognized laboratory. Generally, these extinguishers will have a red label with white letters. A fire extinguisher rated for Class A fires will put out ordinary combustible materials such as wood, cloth, paper, and many plastics. It also will prevent a fire from spreading by cooling the burning material. Class B fires involve flammable liquids like gasoline, oil, and solvents. They are usually easier to fight than Class A fires because the liquids can be wiped off the surface of the fire. Class C fires involve energized electrical equipment or wiring, and they are often harder to extinguish than other types of fires. Class C fires also involve electricity, and using water or a standard household fire extinguisher could actually conduct the fire or cause it to spread. Class K fires are caused by vegetable or animal oils and fats that burn at very high temperatures in cooking appliances. These may also be called grease fires. They can also be considered a class B fire, but they are more likely to be conducted near energized electrical equipment and need an agent that won’t conduct electricity. AFFF fire extinguishers are blue/red in color and can be applied in either aspirated (mixed and expanded with air through the branch pipe nozzle) or nonaspirated form. They smother the fire by creating a frothy seal over the fuel and preventing oxygen from reaching it, and they don’t allow for flashback.