Harrods Creek Fire Protection District – HCFD.ORG

Harrods Creek Fire Protection District - HCFD.ORGUnder the leadership of Chief Kevin Tyler, the Harrods Creek Fire Protection District serves approximately 20 square miles of Eastern Jefferson County in Louisville, KY. We provide Fire & Rescue services as well as ALS first response to our District and surrounding areas.

Our Mission
Preserve Life and Property Through Prevention, Education and Response.

Our Vision
The Harrods Creek Fire Protection District will continue to serve our community without prejudice of social, economic, or cultural backgrounds. Through uncertain economic times we are committed to developing all of our resources – both internal and external – to their fullest potential, while empowering each member with the authority needed to effectively and efficiently perform the duties with which we are entrusted.

As Fire Chief of the Harrods Creek Fire Protection District (HCFPD), I have the opportunity to serve in a destination community for both citizens and visitors.  The Harrods Creek Fire Protection District is fortunate to have the finest fire service professionals in the state. The men and women of the HCFPD are highly trained, extremely motivated, well educated, and loyally focused on their core mission of serving the community.

HCFPD has a rich history of service to a growing community and now offers comprehensive fire, hazardous incident response and emergency medical services in a community of approximately 22,000 citizens in a 20 square mile area.

The HCFPD is a core member of the Jefferson County Fire Service and participates in automatic aid with neighboring fire districts.  This system ensures that the closest available appropriate resource responds to calls for service regardless of municipal jurisdiction and that an orderly and reliable incident command system is utilized.

Your HCFPD Firefighters have bravely and successfully confronted the hazards of our growing suburban environment, and continue to mitigate complex life safety problems through risk management, strategic planning, disciplined deployment, and an aggressive fire attack and rescue philosophy. The hard-working professionals of the HCFPD are dedicated first and foremost to guarding the quality of life for the citizens and visitors of our community through multi-dimensional emergency response and the protection of life, property, and the environment.

It is our mission to Preserve Life and Property through Prevention, Education and Response.

Training, Health and Safety

Training for the Harrods Creek Fire District is jointly conducted with the St. Matthews and Worthington Fire Districts. Training is coordinated by Training Major Mike Richardson (St. Matthews). Monthly training includes:

  1. Week 1 – Annual/Mandatory training
  2. Week 2 – Crew/Operational Training (Technical Rescue included)
  3. Week 3 – EMS Continuing Education Training
  4. Week 4 – Speciality Training (Instructed by Company Officers)

Training is conducted in two groups with Companies from Station(s) 1 training in the morning and Companies from Station(s) 2 participating in the afternoon.

Health and Safety

Department Health and Safety is coordinated by Major Keith Brooks (Harrods Creek) and includes yearly medical physicals, infection and exposure control as well as the department Physical Fitness program which utilizes IAFF Certified Peer Fitness Trainers who perform annual evaluations and program design for our members.

Read Usefull Information Here

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  • What Is a Fire Extinguisher?
    A fire extinguisher is a portable device used to control or put out a small area of a fire. It consists of a pressure-held container filled with a chemical agent that is discharged by turning a handle at the top. The agent smothers the flames by excluding oxygen and interrupts the chain reaction that causes fires to continue burning. Located in easily accessible areas, these devices can save lives and property. A fire is a dangerous event that can spread rapidly, and people should evacuate the scene as soon as they are able to do so safely. It is important to have a plan for evacuation in place and to make sure that everyone understands where fire extinguishers are located. Fire extinguishers should be kept in easy-to-reach locations, but should not be stored too close to items that could get thrown around by the force of the extinguisher’s operation. There are many different types of fire extinguishers, and they can be classified by their ANSI or UL ratings. The rated capacity indicates the size fire that the extinguisher is capable of fighting. A class A extinguisher can be used on ordinary combustible materials such as wood, paper, cloth and rubber, while a class B fire extinguisher is effective against flammable liquids like grease, gasoline, solvents, paint and oils. Dry chemical extinguishers (class A, B and C) use stored pressure to discharge a chemical agent that interrupts the fire’s chain reaction and stops it from spreading. The agent also absorbs moisture from the surface of the flame, preventing it from re-igniting. The earliest units used potassium bicarbonate, but the current agents are a mixture of sodium carbonate and additives including a silicone polymer to prevent moisture absorption and caking. Foam (class B) extinguishers use an aqueous film-forming foam to create a seal over the fuel that excludes oxygen. This type of agent is usually blue/red in color. Aqueous foams are aspirated (mixed with air in a branch pipe) or nonaspirated (sprayed directly onto the fire). The latter type can be used on liquid fuels such as gasoline and kerosene. Foams also can be used on polar solvents like alcohol. Water (class A) extinguishers dispense water at high pressure to smother the fire. They are not suitable for electrical fires, which should be dealt with by an electrical deluge system. Graphite powder (class D) extinguishers contain a finely ground, dust-like, conductive metal such as graphite that smothers hot burning metals by conducting heat away from the fire. This type was originally developed for magnesium fires, but it will work on other metals as well. Halon (class B) extinguishers dispense a gas that inhibits the fire’s chemical reactions. It was the first gas to be produced commercially for this purpose. However, new production of halon has been discontinued in the US due to its ozone-depleting effects. Older cylinders can still be used, but must be recycled when empty. All fire extinguishers that store a pressurized chemical must be inspected monthly for damage, proper pressure and broken seals. A mandatory annual inspection is also performed, and it is required that the cylinder be completely removed from service, emptied, inspected and refilled every 6 years.
  • Fire Stations
    Fire stations, also known as fire halls or fire houses, are the facilities where a fire department’s personnel work and store equipment. The buildings vary in size and design. Some are modern, and some are historic, including those that were once the headquarters of volunteer fire companies. This article covers both types of fire station, but does not cover specialty fire department buildings such as fire alarm headquarters or water supply pumps; for those, see List of fire department specialty buildings. Fire station staffing includes a company officer (usually a lieutenant or captain) and firefighters, usually organized as an engine company, a ladder company, a pumper company or a combination fire truck company. The company officers typically supervise the crews that drive and operate the vehicles, while the firefighters are often assigned to specific jobs, such as driving, pumping, hoselaying, or search and rescue. The company officers also have the authority to deploy resources in the field and call for additional help from the firehouse if necessary. The fire house is home to the fire department’s administrative offices and other support staff, as well as the apparatus garage, where fire trucks are maintained. In many cases, a fire station may have an area that is dedicated to training and drills. Some fire departments use a “simulator” for this purpose, which simulates a building or other structure so that firefighters can practice their skills. A typical fire station has a wide, often brick parking lot and several vehicles in the garage, including a fire engine, a ladder truck, a rescue vehicle and possibly a helicopter. The garage also houses the firehouse’s fireman’s pole, a ladder used to ascend and descend from the roof of the building. The pole is usually decorated with a city’s official emblem or the insignia of the fire department, as shown here. The building itself is usually large enough to house a command center, where fire chiefs and other officials meet and direct operations. Some fire departments have an additional facility where they perform pre-incident planning and inspections. Fire stations have a number of other features, such as a cockloft, a storage area for firefighting tools and supplies, and a hydrant pad, where firefighters can hook up their hoses to water. The narrow towers rising above many fire stations are hose towers, which help the crews clean and dry their hoses. Many fire stations have bell or clock towers, as well. A typical fire station is staffed by a battalion chief, a firefighter, a fire engineer and three to four firefighters, each with specialized heavy extrication equipment. In addition to the firefighters, a fire station may have a medic and a paramedic. The staffing and equipment at a particular station is determined by the geographic coverage of its service area, its response times, the needs of local businesses and residents, and other factors.
  • What Does a Firefighter Do?
    Firefighter is the name of a job title that describes emergency personnel who respond to calls and perform a variety of tasks to mitigate hazards and protect life and property. While popular dramas often depict firefighters rushing into burning buildings, their daily duties are much more varied. Their duties involve disaster preparedness, emergency medical response, education and public safety. They work as part of a close-knit team that fosters strong camaraderie and mutual support. Firefighters must be physically fit and able to make decisions under pressure. They must also undergo rigorous testing and training to qualify for the position. Depending on the state in which they live, they may need a high school diploma or GED certificate, though some jobs require an associate’s degree and/or emergency medical technician (EMT) certification. A bachelor’s degree is sometimes required for advancement to positions such as engineer, lieutenant, captain and battalion chief. Many firefighters are also trained to use heavy equipment such as ladders, pumps and rescue vehicles. They must know how to operate these machines and be able to carry out complicated evacuation procedures during hazardous situations. They are dispatched to a wide range of emergencies, including structure fires, vehicle accidents and natural disasters. When responding to an accident, they need to assess the situation and collaborate with local police to direct resources and identify criminal activity. At the scene of an incident, they must keep bystanders away from dangerous materials and areas, provide first aid to injured people, and oversee cleanup efforts. Firefighters are also responsible for identifying potential fire hazards in their communities and developing effective prevention strategies. This includes inspecting buildings, educating the community and conducting mock disaster drills. They also prepare reports regarding each emergency call they respond to, as well as the fire suppression activities they perform on-site. The nature of a firefighter’s job can be very challenging and stressful, especially when they are working on the front lines during a wildfire. In addition to the physical demands, firefighters must cope with the emotional strain of putting human lives ahead of the loss of plant life and property. Some firefighters are volunteers, which means they work without pay. Others are career firefighters who have received a competitive salary and benefits package. However, even a successful career in the fire service can be financially draining for many firefighters. Firefighting is also a very dangerous job. It’s not uncommon for hundreds or even thousands of candidates to apply for a single firefighter position. Unfortunately, most of those applicants will be disqualified during the entrance process, which includes written and physical examinations, an oral interview, a background investigation and a thorough medical exam. In spite of the challenges, many firefighters feel that fighting fires is a worthwhile and honorable profession. Aside from the obvious rewards, such as helping people in need, firefighters receive a sense of satisfaction and pride from knowing that their work contributes to the well-being of their communities.
  • Fire Protection – A System of Prevention and Extinguishment
    Fire Protection: A System of Prevention and Extinguishment Every structure – home, office, warehouse, shopping center, hospital, school, church or industrial plant – needs some form of fire protection. Typically, this includes a combination of passive and active systems designed to contain or suppress fire and smoke to limit the spread of the fire, protect people from harm and allow for safe evacuation in case of emergency. A typical fire moves through four phases: ignition, growth, full development and burnout. Fire protection is the process of containing fires and pushing them to burnout through cooling, robbing them of oxygen or fuel or chemically breaking down their combustion reaction. Fire safety standards and regulations vary by industry, location, and other criteria and are governed by local, state, national, and international organizations such as OSHA. While there are many ways to cause fires, most occur as the result of human error such as misuse of combustible chemicals, kitchen accidents, or improperly stored materials. It’s important to train employees on proper safety practices in the workplace and in the home. In addition to training, a comprehensive fire safety program should include regular inspections and maintenance of equipment and systems to ensure they are working properly. A fire protection professional will be able to identify areas of concern and provide recommendations for improvement. Fires in the workplace can cost a company millions of dollars in lost production time, machinery damage, and other expenses. It’s also critical to have a plan in place for evacuating the building, relocating employees and customers, and restoring operations after a fire. This can be a complex process and requires the cooperation of everyone involved. A well-documented fire protection system can be an invaluable tool in keeping a business up and running, but even the best systems need to be serviced and repaired. Regular inspections and maintenance of fire alarms, sprinklers, suppression systems and other equipment can prevent costly repairs and help avoid fire safety violations. At home, make sure to install smoke alarms on every level of your house and test them monthly. Have a fire escape plan and discuss it with your family. Draw a floor plan of your home and identify 2 ways to exit from each room. Keep a fire extinguisher in your house and practice using it. Always soak cigarette butts and ashtrays in water before throwing them away. Never smoke in bed or while taking medicine that makes you drowsy. If you find yourself trapped in a room during a fire, call for help from a neighbor’s home or hang a sheet out the window to signal for assistance. Do not break a window, as this will only draw the fire in closer and may cause you to become more exposed to harmful smoke inhalation. If possible, use the stairs instead of the elevator during a fire. In high rise buildings, hang a sheet from your balcony to indicate you need assistance.
  • What to Do After a Fire Accident
    Fire is a devastating event that causes property damage and serious injuries. In some cases, victims suffer traumatic burns that require costly medical care and rehabilitation, as well as permanent disfigurement. A fire accident is often the result of negligent actions, which may give rise to a personal injury lawsuit. The experienced lawyers at Shuman Legal help victims pursue the maximum compensation possible. After a fire, it is important to take photographs and video of the damages. Doing so will provide evidence of the extent of your losses and the financial cost to you. Be sure to protect these documents and keep them in a safe place until instructed by your attorney. Immediately after a fire, it is also essential to contact your insurance company and follow their instructions regarding property cleanup and securing your premises. This includes boarding up windows, covering roof openings and deterring unauthorized access and theft. Boarding up also helps to protect against additional weather damage and potential mold and mildew growth. It is also important to notify all impacted individuals and business associates of the fire incident. This includes employees, contractors, vendors and customers of all capacities. Notification also includes relatives and friends of the victim. This ensures that individuals and businesses can make arrangements to meet new deadlines and schedules to sustain a working relationship in the future. Workplace fires are a common and dangerous occurrence. Unlike home fires, workplace fires are most often caused by equipment failure or other negligence. These types of issues may occur because of inadequate maintenance, electrical problems, or simply not following proper safety protocol. Restaurants and bakeries are at a high risk for kitchen accidents caused by distracted employees, while factories, warehouses, and construction sites face risks from faulty machinery or other electrical malfunctions. Smoking is also a common cause of workplace fires, even in companies that have designated themselves as non-smoking. Even minor burns can cause severe and debilitating injuries that result in permanent complications, loss of limbs, and disfigurement. These injuries can lead to a diminished quality of life and enormous financial expenses for the victim. Depending on the circumstances surrounding the fire, the victim can file a claim for damages against any number of parties. This may include the owner of the property, if it was damaged by negligent or reckless actions. In some cases, the victim may also be entitled to punitive damages. These damages are intended to punish a defendant for particularly gross or willful negligence. In addition to damages related to the physical and psychological suffering of a burn injury, a victim might also receive compensation for lost wages and future expected income, as well as monetary payments for the loss of life’s pleasures and consortium. Contact the experienced attorneys at Shuman Legal for a consultation on your case. We can review workers’ comp, your rights to compensation and the entire process to get you a fair settlement. If you aren’t satisfied with your current settlement offer, we will fight to obtain a higher one.
  • The Three Elements of Fire
    Fire is one of those phenomena that is fascinating to look at and understand, but it’s a force that is so powerful and dangerous that many people don’t want to deal with it. Nevertheless, it has given us the ability to make food and shelter, drive cars and power generators, and make most of the things we use in life, from metal and glass to books and computers. Fire takes a lot of heat energy to get started, and once it does, the chemical reaction that happens is very fast. The result is that molecules rearrange and release a lot of energy, which shows up as flames or smoke, and the heat from the process burns the surrounding air, which makes the flames even hotter. The three ingredients of fire are fuel, oxygen and heat. Fuel is anything combustible that can burn, and it can be solid like wood or paper; liquid such as gasoline or alcohol; or gaseous such as carbon dioxide or hydrogen. Oxygen is needed for combustion, and it can come from the air or from another source such as a battery or generator. Heat is required to start the chemical reaction and to keep it going, and it can be provided by anything from a small spark to a large flame to something as simple as environmental heat, such as sunlight. What’s interesting about the fire triangle is that all three elements are necessary for fire to happen at any time. Without the fuel, there’s no fire to ignite. Without the heat, there’s no flame to maintain or spread the fire. And without the oxygen, there’s no combustion to produce the deadly gases that are released. But if you have all three elements in place, the fire will happen. That’s how you get a forest fire, a house fire and even a grease fire. And all these types of fires are different in their characteristics and behavior, with some burning quickly and unevenly while others burn very slowly. They may also have different colors of flame and produce deadly gases. Humans have used fire since prehistory, making it possible to grow food in gardens and fields, to clear forests for cultivation, and to provide warmth and light in caves or hovels. It’s the main reason why we can eat food and live comfortably today, but the fire that is produced by this chemical process is also what causes so much damage and loss of life when it gets out of control. Inhaling its toxic gases can cause permanent injury or death, and even the bright flames of a fire can scorch your lungs. They can also engulf your home in minutes. In fact, 80% of fire deaths in the United States occur in homes. That’s why it’s important to know the basic principles of how to protect yourself and your family from the dangers of fire. That’s why you need to have a fire escape plan, and know how to use a fire extinguisher if necessary.
  • Types of Fire Trucks
    Firefighters face raging wildfires one day and save a family the next, doing everything in their power to keep people safe. To do this, they rely on a variety of tools, equipment and vehicles to help them tackle their mission. The main tool they use is the fire truck, and it comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. Each fire truck is designed to carry different amounts and types of gear depending on the needs of a specific department. The most common fire truck type is the fire engine. These trucks typically feature a large water tank with hoses and a pump that firefighting crews can use to apply water at high pressure to extinguish fires. They also feature a deck gun, which is a device mounted on top of the vehicle that can spray water from up to 1,000 gallons per minute. Fire engines are typically able to carry up to four firefighters. Firefighters can also deploy other types of fire trucks, such as fire tanks and water tenders. These vehicles are used to store and transport water, hoses, fire fighting equipment and other supplies. Fire trucks are equipped with specialized seats that hold the firefighters’ SCBA air packs, allowing them to “gear up” quickly and efficiently while on their way to the scene. They can also have built-in headsets, allowing the entire crew to communicate clearly and listen for dispatch updates while they drive. Some departments even have smaller, dedicated fire trucks that are used for more specialized tasks, such as hazmat and advanced life support (ALS) vehicles. These are often pick-up truck-based, and some come with their own on-board water tanks, allowing them to refill their own supply of air as needed. In some cases, these trucks are equipped with a cot bed for the firefighters to rest on while they’re on scene. The creation of different types of fire trucks allows departments to request assistance from other organizations knowing that the requested vehicle will have the right equipment. It also ensures that regional terminology doesn’t compromise the promptness of rescue support and resources. For example, a fire truck in one area may be referred to as a brush truck or a wildland fire truck, but these trucks have been developed with NFPA standards and terms that make them easily identifiable across the country. For departments looking for a fire truck to meet both structural and wildland missions, the HME Type 3 wildland fire truck is an excellent option. It’s based on the Spectr II chassis and offers a unique balance of deployment-friendly features, safety, functionality and durability. While it may seem strange that there are so many different types of fire trucks, they each have a purpose. Whether they’re spraying water and deploying ladders, or carrying equipment to assist with hazardous materials, these vehicles are a true testament to the bravery of firefighters and their dedication to saving lives. They’re an inspiration for us all to live a safer and more resilient life.
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  • Types of Fire Extinguishers
    A fire extinguisher is a useful tool to have in any home or workplace. However, it must be used correctly to prevent injuries and minimize property damage. It is recommended that everyone in a household be trained in the proper use of a fire extinguisher. A fire extinguisher should be positioned close to the source of the fire and within easy reach. It should be mounted at the correct height, as determined by NFPA guidelines and ADA compliance. There are many different types of fire extinguishers available to choose from, but they all have the same basic function – to put out the fire by discharging an agent into the fire. The agent is usually either a liquid, foam or powder. Fires are classified into categories according to the type of materials that are burning: class A fires are ordinary combustibles, such as wood and paper; class B fires are flammable liquids; and class C fires are in electrical equipment. Smaller fires can be extinguished with water, while larger ones require the help of a fire department. There are some special extinguishers designed for class D fires involving combustible metals such as titanium and magnesium. These extinguishers have a unique design with a special low-velocity nozzle or discharge wand to avoid disrupting the finely divided metallic particles that are involved in these fires. Some extinguishers are also designed to dispense the agent in large volumes rather than in a mist to better ensure that the combustible metals are thoroughly saturated with the suppressant. The other common type of extinguisher is a dry chemical type (classes ABC and BC). These have a powdery substance that covers the fire and provides a smothering blanket. The powder is absorbed by the burning material and reduces its heat conductivity. These are not effective on class A fires, but are good for class B and class C fires. Another type of fire extinguisher is a clean agent, which is a gas or mist that does not conduct electricity. These are typically designed for class A and class B fires, but are effective on some class C fires as well. A clean agent is nonconductive and leaves no residue, and it also does not harm electronics equipment. The most popular clean agent is bromochlorodifluoromethane, a.k.a. Halon 1211. It is a replacement for carbon dioxide that is more effective than carbon dioxide on a weight-of-agent basis, and it does not leave any residue. Some fire extinguishers have a combination of clean agents and wet chemicals, such as those that contain potassium bicarbonate or ammonium dihydrogen phosphate. These are typically rated for classes A, B and C, but can be used on some class D fires as well. These have a green-colored label that says “clean agent” or “BC/ABC.” The NFPA and ICC now allow these to be used on class A, B and C fires without the need for the 30-day inspection requirement. This is a welcome change that makes these more accessible to homeowners.
  • Fire Stations
    Fire stations, also known as firehouses or fire halls, are the home bases of fire departments and their equipment. They typically contain living quarters for the firefighters, a garage for the fire engine, office space, and a case or trophy wall where firefighters display memorabilia. They may also have a training room, library of reference materials, and an emergency operations center. Fire stations may be manned full-time by a crew of firemen, or part time by retained firefighters. Firefighters are usually called to an emergency by sirens or radio, and arrive at the fire station from their home or work. They may then be assigned to a fire truck and sent out on an assignment. In larger cities, some fire stations have multiple engines and other pieces of apparatus. They are often numbered and named for the company and/or equipment housed there, or given names related to the settlement or neighborhood they serve. The Menomonie Fire Station is a classic brick structure in downtown Menomonie, Wisconsin. It embodies the town’s tradition of service and safety, and houses state-of-the-art equipment. Originally this fire station had living quarters for two firefighters, and was remodeled in the spring of 2003 to increase capacity. Now, it is able to accommodate up to six firefighters in its two-bay garage. It’s common to find old fire stations with the living quarters above the garage, as this arrangement was ideal for a busy city. The living quarters were reached by a ladder from the fire engine, and the firefighters lowered down to the garage using a specially designed device called a “fireman’s pole.” Often, a fireman’s pole could be retracted so the firefighters would not be trapped in the event of an emergency. Most modern fire stations are built with the living quarters and garage on the same level. This saves space and reduces the risk of firefighters having to descend from high up, which could be a dangerous hazard. In large cities, most fire stations have a number of fire trucks in their garages. Each firetruck is staffed with an engineer, driver, and pump operator. The engineers are in charge of the vehicle and its equipment, while the drivers drive the firetruck to and from emergencies. The pump operators help the engineers control the fire and water flow. Some of the terminology used in a fire station can be confusing for people not familiar with the firefighting industry. The following definitions will be helpful for understanding fire station vocabulary: Company: A group of firefighters organized into a team and led by a fire officer of the rank of lieutenant or captain. Companies may work on different shifts, and are commonly grouped into platoons of equal rank. Well involved: A term used to indicate a structure fire in which the flames, heat, and smoke are so widespread that interior access is not possible until it can be contained. Occupant use hose: A light-weight 1 1/2″ diameter firehose pre-coupled to a standpipe, for emergency usage by building occupants prior to the arrival of firefighters.
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  • What Does it Take to Be a Firefighter?
    A firefighter is a person trained in the control and extinguishing of fires that threaten life and property. They are also called on to rescue people from dangerous situations and to perform hazardous materials response and other emergency operations. Firefighters are a group of dedicated men and women who serve their communities through these important public safety duties. The job is very demanding both physically and mentally and requires courage, quick-thinking, and a strong sense of teamwork. The career is highly competitive, and hundreds or even thousands of candidates apply for each available position. The number of people who actually become firefighters is much smaller than that figure might suggest, because many candidates are not ready to meet the high standards set by the job. The entrance process involves a written examination, physical abilities test, oral interview, medical examination, and background investigation. Those who fail to pass any of these steps are disqualified, and the final pool usually numbers only a few hundred people or less. To work as a firefighter, you need to be physically fit, and most departments have strict requirements for this. Generally, you must have corrected 20/20 eyesight and a high school diploma or equivalent. Most firefighters complete post-secondary training at a college, technical school, or a fire academy. Many of these programs include an on-the-job training component, where you work as a firefighter for a local agency and receive classroom instruction. Many firefighters are employed by fire departments but are also trained as emergency medical technicians or paramedics. This is because firefighters must be able to respond quickly to medical emergencies in addition to fires. You can also find positions with wilderness firefighting agencies, state fire organizations, construction trades, and fire-equipment manufacturers and suppliers. Firefighters are a highly diverse group. The majority of their work is spent outside the fire station on call, answering emergency calls. This may include structure fires, vehicle accidents, medical emergencies, natural disasters, or hazardous materials incidents. Firefighters must be prepared to work in all types of weather and conditions, as well as at night. Firefighting involves depriving a fire of its three elements: fuel, oxygen, and heat. Firefighters use a variety of techniques and tools to suppress and extinguish fires, including water, foam, dry agents, and other means. The goal is to put the fire out as quickly and safely as possible, thereby protecting nearby structures and occupants. As you gain experience, you can move through the ranks of a fire department, from engineer to lieutenant, captain, battalion chief, and so on. Some firefighters also become fire inspectors or investigators. Some of these careers require a bachelor’s degree, typically in fire science or public administration. These degrees are often required for promotion to these higher-level leadership positions. Those who work as firefighters must be willing to sacrifice their personal lives in order to serve others. They spend long hours at the firestation and are frequently away from home and their families.