Fire trucks are equipped with a variety of equipment that will make them more efficient at fighting fires. Some of these tools include breathing apparatus, snorkels, and a portable air tank. These are helpful when responding to fire emergencies because they help firefighters provide immediate aid to the victims. Another vital piece of equipment that firefighters carry is a radio system, which is built into the fire truck. This allows the firefighters to communicate with the main fire department backend team.
Fire trucks are divided into Types 1 through 7. Type 1 trucks are most commonly seen on the streets, while Type 2 and 3 fire trucks are best suited for wildland or suburban settings. Type 1 trucks are equipped with at least one water tank and 50 to 400 gallons of water. They are also equipped with additional structural gear, hazmat equipment, and chainsaws.
In some cases, fire trucks are equipped with fixed deluge guns, or master streams. These hoses can reach 105 feet and are raised using hydraulic piston rods. Firefighter ladders also come equipped with a pump panel that can release 1,000 gallons of water per minute. Firefighters need years of training and experience to operate these pumps.
Wildland fire trucks often ride on commercial 4×4 chassis. These vehicles are sleek and maneuverable, making them ideal for responding to fires in remote areas. They also have touchscreens for equipment control and are equipped with a low center of gravity. The interior cabs of these vehicles have flat floors and seven seats, making them comfortable for a 6-foot, 2-inch firefighter.
Some fire departments choose to paint their trucks in a bright color to make them stand out from the crowd. Red symbolizes danger in many cultures, and a red fire truck with its flashing lights and wailing siren is a great symbol of danger. Most fire departments don’t see the point in changing the color of fire trucks, as people have grown accustomed to seeing them in red.
Fire trucks are often equipped with emergency equipment, including airbags, breathing apparatus, and water tanks. They also have radios, computers, and sirens to keep firefighters alert at all times. Fire trucks are available in many configurations, and can transport firefighters, water tanks, hoses, ladders, and a range of other essential equipment.
Fire trucks also use a telescopic ladder to reach high areas. This type of apparatus also has a turntable at the back so that the ladder can pivot and spray water in the direction firefighters want. In the event of a fire, firefighters may need to get close to the fire in order to extinguish it quickly and safely.
Until the beginning of the twentieth century, fire trucks were powered by steam engines. From the First World War until the 1920s, fire trucks used gasoline engines. Gasoline engines increased the efficiency of firefighting apparatus. They were faster and more efficient than steam engines and were equipped with better water pumps.