Types of Fire Trucks
Fire trucks are the most common type of emergency vehicle used for putting out fires. Among these vehicles are the Type 1, Type 2, and Type 4 fire trucks. Type 1 fire trucks are the largest and feature the highest water capacity and are often equipped with SCBAs. Type 2 trucks feature similar specifications, but are more common in suburbia, where they usually respond to structural fires. Depending on the size and application of the fire truck, it can be a Type 2 or a Type 4 depending on its size and the needs of the fire department.
Today, fire trucks feature a wide variety of technological advancements. Some fire trucks come with the Jaws of Life and hydraulic ladders, which enable firefighters to enter a burning building. Other vehicles come with thermal imaging cameras to determine the extent of the fire. Another innovation that allows firefighters to enter a burning building is a high-powered water pump. To reach these large amounts of water, fire engines have large tanks and long hoses.
Another type of fire truck is known as an aerial apparatus. This apparatus has a long ladder and can access high areas. The ladder is equipped with a turntable at the back that allows it to pivot and spray water in the desired direction. The aerial apparatus can also be equipped with a water tender. While this vehicle is primarily used for fighting fires, it is also used to transport water to places where natural water resources are scarce. It is essential to have water tenders if you live in a rural area.
Engine trucks are typically painted red to stand out from the crowd. In the early 1900s, Ford cars were only available in black, so a red fire truck would stand out in a sea of black vehicles. Although some people think that red fire trucks are more visible in the dark, studies have shown that yellow and lime green are better colors for nighttime safety. In fact, red fire trucks are not the only emergency vehicles that are painted red. You might be surprised to learn that there are many other types of emergency vehicles.
While some people refer to fire trucks as “fire engines,” they are actually two separate vehicles. The first type of fire truck is a pump and is equipped with ladders to reach higher locations. Those vehicles also carry firefighting equipment like water and other tools. And they may also be referred to as “fire apparatus,” which is the most common type of fire truck used in the world today. Its ability to respond to a fire anywhere in a densely populated area makes it indispensable.
A combination pumper engine and ladder truck is called a quint. The latter vehicle can lead the initial fire attack because it carries equipment for the department. Typically, it has a tank capacity of at least 300 gallons and 40 cubic feet of equipment storage. These vehicles are also more efficient, allowing fire departments to dispatch a single vehicle instead of multiple vehicles. But they also can’t carry more people than the other types.