Types of Fire Trucks
Throughout history, the fire truck has evolved into a large vehicle that carries a variety of tools. The modern fire truck is equipped with essential equipment and features a water tank and pump that are designed to extinguish a fire and rescue people from the scene. A fire truck also has space for firefighters and other personnel. The truck also includes equipment such as sirens and emergency lights. The vehicles are also fitted with radio systems that help the firefighters communicate with backend fire departments.
The first type of fire trucks were horse-drawn wagons that carried a water tank and hoses. Gasoline engines were developed in the early 20th century and proved to be more efficient than steam engines. These vehicles could also be used in rural areas, where there were fewer hoses available.
A typical fire truck consists of a water tank, pump, and ladders. There are also a number of other items that a fire truck carries, including breathing apparatuses, thermal imaging cameras, and floodlights. Most of these devices have an audible warning and an electronic siren. The truck’s radio system is one of the most important public safety equipment and allows the fire department to communicate with other fire departments.
The Type 2 fire truck is a smaller engine with three to four firefighters. It has a smaller water tank and smaller pumps. The engine truck has a higher GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) than the Type 1. These engines are typically found in rural settings where there is less hose and water.
The Type 1 fire engine carries at least four firefighters and has a minimum of 300 gallons of water in its tank. The truck also has a master stream or fixed deluge gun that is attached to an external, permanent water source. A deluge gun releases a heavy stream of water to aid firefighters in fighting a fire. The fixed deluge gun helps the firefighters to attack the fire from a more aimed direction. It is usually used for wildland firefighting.
The Type 3 truck has a power-take-off pump, which allows the vehicle to remain in motion while fighting a fire. The water tank can hold 500 to 650 cubic feet. It can also carry a full EMS gear and chainsaws. The Type 5 fire truck is a medium-duty engine with a GVWR of up to 400 gallons. It is commonly seen in suburban or wildland settings.
The Type 6 fire truck is a medium-duty engine that is based on a pick-up truck. The cab of the fire truck is equipped with a captain’s seat. A large back of the cab provides space for the rest of the crew.
A typical Type 2 fire truck is designed for heavy-duty rescue and wet rescue. It can hold a large amount of equipment, including a master stream and a ladder, but is not as bulky as a Type 1. It is also capable of reaching high places and is useful in urban and rural environments.