Types of Fire Trucks
Fire trucks, also called fire engines, are used to deliver fire fighting equipment and water to a fire site. There are several types of engines and the layout of the vehicle depends on the needs of the department. In addition to being able to carry firefighting equipment, they can carry water, professionals, and equipment for rescue purposes.
The most common type of fire engine is the Type 1. These vehicles are used to fight fires in buildings, and often carry a ladder. They may also carry a fixed deluge gun, which shoots water in a particular direction. Some fire departments opt for a power-take-off pump, which allows the vehicle to remain in motion while extinguishing the blaze.
Another type of engine is the Type 2 truck. This vehicle can be designed to hold three to four firefighters and is generally designed for wet rescues and heavy-duty rescues. Unlike a Type 1 fire engine, a Type 2 vehicle can have a larger water tank, but it is generally smaller and carries less equipment. A Type 2 truck can be found in both urban and suburban settings.
Other fire engines include the Type 3 and 4. These vehicles are used to battle wildland fires, and typically feature a smaller water tank, a fixed deluge gun, and a smaller number of hoses. However, they are still large enough to carry a crew and a lot of equipment.
Despite their differences, fire engines have a common goal. To help prevent the spread of a fire, they are equipped with a variety of safety equipment, such as a fire hydrant, first aid supplies, and a “jaws of life” appliance. Each type of fire truck carries specific gear, including a hose that is at least 2 1/2 inches thick, a deck gun that sprays 1,000 gallons of water per minute, and forcible entry tools.
Many fire trucks are equipped with built-in headsets and gripped steps to make it easier for firefighters to maneuver the vehicle. Engines have special seats that can store a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), which provides protection from airborne chemicals. Also, they can have a hose reel in the back of the cab, making it easy to deploy a hose.
The fire truck market in the global market is growing as fire-related disasters are increasing. Manufacturers are expanding their product portfolio to meet these challenges. As a result, Europe is expected to show an exponential growth in the coming years.
The most common color of fire trucks is red. However, other colors are available. For example, some cities in the U.S. have adopted a squad-type system, allowing the engine to be grouped together with other equipment in order to respond more quickly.
In the United States, NFPA Standard 1901 establishes universal terminology to ensure that fire trucks and other vehicles are ready for emergencies. It also classifies vehicles by type, including fire engine, fire truck, and motorized apparatus. Using standardized terms ensures that the proper vehicle is used to meet the needs of the local department.