A fire truck is a vehicle that is used to help firefighters fight a fire. It is typically equipped with a large ladder and a variety of emergency equipment. In addition, a fire truck may also be used for rescue and medical assistance.
Fire trucks are used to combat structural and wildland fires. They are designed with features that facilitate efficient operation and are built to withstand the harsh conditions of a daily firefighting environment. The type of equipment carried by the vehicle will depend on the needs of the fire department. For example, a fire truck will be equipped with a pump and a water tank. Depending on the size of the water tank, it can be able to supply firefighters with up to 3,000 gallons of water. Some engines include hose reels that make it easier to stow the hoses.
Fire trucks are usually divided into two sections, which are standard and special equipment. Regardless of which type of fire truck is used, it is important to understand the differences between each. Each has specific requirements to meet national standards. These requirements are outlined in Standard 1901 by the National Fire Protection Association. This standard is set to ensure that all fire departments can find the right apparatus for their specific needs.
Type 2 fire trucks are primarily used for wet rescue operations. They are also useful for vehicle accidents. While most Type 2 engines are smaller, they can still hold a lot of equipment. Nevertheless, they do not have the same level of maneuverability as a Type 3 or 4 engine. Nonetheless, they are very versatile and can be used in a wide range of situations.
Most Type 2 trucks have smaller pumps and water tanks than a Type 5 or 6 engine. Nonetheless, they are still a powerful and reliable vehicle. Typically, these engines are used in rural settings. However, they can also be found in suburban areas.
Type 1 fire trucks are also commonly used by fire departments. They must have at least one level of first aid equipment, a rear access, a fixed ladder, ground ladders, chainsaws, forcible entry equipment, and at least two and a half inch thick hoses. Other structural gear may also be included.
Another common type of fire truck is a tanker. Tankers carry a huge amount of water and can be particularly useful in rural areas. They are especially beneficial in areas with little to no fire hydrants. All water tenders must have the ability to prime the water from a 10-foot lift.
Finally, an aerial apparatus is a vehicle that uses a large telescopic ladder to reach high areas. In addition to the ladder, the vehicle contains a turntable at the back that allows the ladder to pivot.
Because fires are unpredictable and often spiral out of control, the use of specialized equipment is essential. Firefighting equipment may include a fire hose, thermal imaging cameras, self-contained breathing apparatuses, and other tools.