Types of Fire Trucks
There are many different types of fire trucks and each has different features and equipment. A type 1 truck must have 2 1/2 inch or one-inch hoses and a nozzle, ground ladders and rear access, and some form of first-aid equipment. Some types of fire trucks also have chainsaws and full EMS gear, and may include additional structural gear. A type 2 truck is not nearly as elaborate and is typically used for smaller, specialized operations.
A typical Type I truck contains 400 to 500 gallons of water, while a Type II truck may hold a little less. These are often larger than most other trucks and can be equipped with equipment like SCBAs and chainsaws. Although the two types of fire trucks have many of the same specifications, a Type 2 fire truck will respond to a more modest structural fire in a suburban area. Whether you are looking for a smaller or bigger fire engine, you can find the perfect one for your needs.
Firefighter drills help train firefighters in how to react in a real emergency. These drills are used to fine-tune particular skills. The NFPA requires that a fire truck have a water tank of at least 500 gallons and a pump that can deliver water to the site of a fire. The engineer also operates the pumps for the water. During the routine driving, the firefighter will direct the engine to supply water through the hoses. A backdraft is a common phenomenon and can cause a rapid combustion of flammable materials.
Type 2 and Type 3 fire trucks use a telescopic ladder to reach higher areas. A Type 3 fire truck can be fitted with a power-take-off pump, which allows the truck to remain in motion while fighting a fire. If a fire is large and threatening, firefighters will need to evacuate the area or remove firefighters from the structure. The best way to make sure everyone is safe is to follow the protocol for evacuation.
A fire truck can be classified by type and function. A Type 5 fire truck, for example, can be used to respond to large areas with a low GVWR. A Type 7 fire truck, on the other hand, is suited to smaller fires and is usually called a wildland truck. It is possible for the type of engine used to correspond to a specific community. A mutual aid vehicle can be a valuable resource for a fire department.
Type 3 fire trucks are equipped with a telescopic ladder to reach high areas. An aerial apparatus can be used to reach high areas. These vehicles are equipped with a turntable at the back so that the ladder can pivot. A type 3 truck has a large tank to carry water and can be used for a variety of tasks. While a Type 3 fire truck is equipped with high-powered equipment and a power take-off pump, it still has a low water tank.
A type 4 fire truck is not the only type of fire truck. Aside from being used for the primary response to a fire, these vehicles also provide important support for firefighters in a larger scale. A firetruck can also be used to respond to a smaller area that is difficult to reach with a ladder. Moreover, it can be used to protect homes, buildings, and even businesses. Aside from its size, a type 4 fire truck is equipped with all the necessary tools.
Type 5 and Type 7 fire trucks are used for initial fire suppression. They have GVWRs of 26,000 pounds in the case of Type 5, but are much lighter than their counterparts. These vehicles are equipped with limited water supply and can hold two firefighters, depending on the number of firefighters on board. They can also be equipped with high-powered lights and ventilation fans. In addition, they are equipped with gripped steps, allowing them to move around easily.
A Type 4 fire truck is larger than a Type 1 or Type 2 unit. Its size is dependent on its application and capacity. A rural unit has a lower tank capacity but more water. A type 4 fire truck will have at least 750 gallons of water. A class IA or B truck will have a tank capacity of at least 750 gallons. Aside from these vehicles, a type 2 or higher-end unit will be equipped with a hydraulic system to pump the water from a hydrant.