A firefighter is a person who operates and maintains fire fighting equipment to respond to emergencies, fight and control fires, perform rescue operations, provide medical assistance and educate the public on fire safety. Many firefighters are employed by local fire departments, but others work for wilderness firefighting agencies, state fire organizations and in the construction trades, as well as with fire-equipment manufacturers and suppliers. The requirements for becoming a firefighter vary by jurisdiction, but most candidates must meet the basic qualifications, which typically include corrected 20/20 vision, a high school diploma or equivalent and a clean criminal record. Firefighter training is usually done through an academy that follows U.S. Fire Administration guidelines or through an approved program, such as an apprenticeship combined with on-the-job training.
During training, firefighters learn to handle fire and emergency situations such as natural disasters, hazardous materials incidents, vehicle accidents, structural collapses and terrorist attacks. They also learn how to communicate with and understand the language of the public and how to operate and maintain fire fighting vehicles, including pumpers and ladders. They are taught how to use a variety of tools, including axes, chains, ropes, hoses and water nozzles.
After completing their training, firefighters are required to pass physical and psychological exams. They are interviewed by their prospective employers, where they discuss their short- and long-term goals as a firefighter. The interviews usually cover questions on human relations, math, written and verbal communication skills, judgment, memory and reasoning. They are also asked to describe their work history and explain why they chose to become firefighters.
While on duty, they are expected to respond quickly to calls and take action according to their assessment of the situation. They are trained to act as a team and must be capable of adapting to the changing circumstances of each incident. When they arrive on the scene, they must absorb a large amount of information rapidly and be able to apply their knowledge in a dangerous and confusing environment.
The job carries considerable mental and physical stress. A firefighter’s mental stress can be triggered by a wide variety of factors, such as the death or injury of a colleague, the trauma of witnessing a fatal accident or being trapped in an unsafe space. The physical stress of being a firefighter can lead to burnout and other health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Firefighting is considered to be one of the most stressful jobs in the world. To avoid these negative consequences, it is essential for firefighters to keep themselves healthy and fit. To do this, they should regularly eat healthy, exercise and get enough sleep. They should also maintain a good work/life balance and seek support from their family and friends. In addition, they should make sure to set aside time for relaxation and fun activities. This will help them cope with the demands of their career and reduce the risk of burnout or substance abuse.