• Information

    How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

    fire extinguisher

    A fire extinguisher is a device used to control small fires that would otherwise be out of control. It is usually rated for use on one or more types of fire. Fire extinguishers are generally categorized by their expected application on the four classes of fire: Class A fires involve ordinary combustibles such as wood, cloth, and paper; Class B fires involve flammable liquids such as gasoline, solvents, paints, and oils; and Class C fires involve electrical equipment like appliances, tools, or plugged-in electronic devices.

    In order to fight a fire, you need to know where the fire is located and how large it is. This information helps you determine whether you can safely fight the fire or if it is in a place that must be evacuated immediately. The first thing to do is sound the fire alarm and call the campus police by activating an alarm pull station located in corridors or calling 911 on a campus phone or cell phone.

    Identify a safe evacuation path and get to it. Once the area has been cleared, it is time to fight the fire. Select the appropriate type of fire extinguisher and discharge it using the P.A.S.S technique. If the fire is still burning, it should be backed up away from you and you should continue to use the extinguisher until it appears to have been put out or the flames are out of sight.

    Dry chemical fire extinguishers contain a combination of sodium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, or ammonium dihydrogen phosphate base agents. They work by excluding oxygen, slowing the release of flammable vapors, or interrupting the chain reaction of combustion. Most multipurpose fire extinguishers are rated for use on Class A, B, and C fires.

    Foam fire extinguishers contain aqueous film-forming foam agent that releases an expansive layer of foam when it is discharged. It works by excluding oxygen, slowing the release, or interrupting the chain reaction of combustion and is able to penetrate deep into a fire. Foam extinguishers can also be used on Class B and Class C fires.

    Water mist fire extinguishers use a fine spray of water to cool the fire, which displaces the oxygen and stops the burning process. They are the most common type of fire extinguisher and can be found in office buildings, schools, hotels, and shops. Water mist extinguishers are not effective on Class A or Class D fires, and they may not be able to penetrate very deep fires.

    When shopping for fire extinguishers, make sure they are certified by a recognized testing laboratory (UL or ULC) and have the kite mark or LPCB mark. Also, make sure that the supplier offers on-site commissioning/certification after delivery. The price of fire extinguishers varies widely, so it is important to shop around. The future cost of servicing will also need to be considered. Typically, a fire extinguisher is serviced every 5 years. It is best to purchase from a supplier that provides this service for a reasonable fee.

    Comments Off on How to Use a Fire Extinguisher
  • Information

    Fire Stations

    fire stations

    Fire stations, also known as fire halls or fire houses, provide a home base for firefighters and a place to store their equipment. They also house administrative and living spaces. Many cities have different standards for the size, shape and layout of fire stations. These standards may be based on a combination of factors, including population density, fire risk, traffic patterns and the availability of land at reasonable prices. The design of a fire station must take into account the needs of the firefighters, as well as the need for them to be able to reach emergency situations quickly.

    The main function of a fire station is to store the firefighting apparatus: fire engines, fire trucks, protective gear and fire hoses. Some also contain a vehicle maintenance bay, an area with the appropriate heavy lift and utility connections for performing routine maintenance on these vehicles. Administrative areas include standard offices, as well as conference and training rooms. They may also have a specialized dispatch room for receiving calls from the public.

    Most stations are staffed by full-time firefighters, who live at the fire station when they are on duty. They are called to their duties by siren, pager or radio. When the alarm rings they must quickly get to their fire engine, which is typically parked in a garage or driveway of the fire station. In buildings with multiple floors, the firefighters may access the garage via a pole or slide.

    During non-emergency times, the firemen often perform routine inspections and cleaning of their equipment in the garage. They also hold regular training drills to improve their skills. These drills may be for the benefit of local residents, or for other fire departments. The facility may also be used for fund-raising by the firemen’s association, “fire buffs” or a “fire auxiliary.”

    In large cities, most fire stations are named for their company number, which is unique among all city companies. The number of companies that answer a first alarm depends on the fire hazard and the city’s total fire fighting force. The companies are arranged in a service order, so that the three nearest the fire box can respond as soon as possible. The other companies are assigned to fill in when the companies nearest the firebox are occupied or unavailable.

    In addition to storing their equipment, most fire stations have a dormitory and kitchen. The kitchen is used to prepare meals for the firefighters. The firefighters must be able to eat quickly, as their shifts are usually 24 hours long. The sleeping quarters, sometimes called bunk rooms, are equipped with beds and lockers. There is a laundry for washing and drying the firefighters’ turnout clothing. In some stations, a hose-drying tower is provided to reduce the amount of time needed to clean their clothing after a call. This allows the firemen to return to their station within a short time, so that they can respond to other calls as quickly as possible.

    Comments Off on Fire Stations
  • Information

    How to Become a Firefighter


    Firefighters use a variety of tools to fight fires, rescue people and property from danger and perform emergency medical procedures on people. They also serve their communities in a number of other ways, including by conducting educational programs and providing prevention services. The job requires extensive training, as well as physical and mental strength to work under intense pressure.

    A person can become a firefighter by earning a high school diploma and entering a vocational certification or associate’s degree program in fire science. The program may be as short as four years, depending on the type of program and the fire department. It’s important for firefighters to receive specialized training, such as how to handle hazardous materials, because the work can expose them to many dangerous substances. Firefighters must also have a minimum of EMT (emergency medical technician) certification, because they will often provide first aid to people during or after fires.

    To enter the career, people must pass a written exam and an interview. Once accepted, they typically undergo several months of job-related training, which can include training on fire fighting techniques, how to operate and perform routine service maintenance on their equipment, and how to safely handle various types of hazardous materials. Firefighters must also be able to think quickly and act calmly in stressful situations.

    As a firefighter, the primary responsibility is to respond to fire alarms and incidents (automobile accidents, gas system leaks, building collapses, etc.) and fight fires by using a variety of methods, including water, chemical extinguishers, axes, pike poles and ladders. They must be able to communicate with others in the field and understand and follow directions given to them over the radio.

    They can also be called to assist in rescue operations, such as rescuing people from confined spaces or cars, and assisting in medical emergencies by administering advance life support until relieved by paramedics. They might also collaborate with police officers on arson-related investigations. The job is often dangerous and stressful, and firefighters must be able to tolerate long periods of exposure to heat and smoke.

    In some jurisdictions, to become a firefighter, an individual must be at least 18 years old and pass a physical fitness test. They must also pass a background check, drug screening and psychological evaluation. People who are not successful on the firefighter exam can try again in a few years. Those who are successful on the firefighter exam will be placed on a civil service list.

    There are also a number of different specializations within the profession, such as fire investigators and engineers. Those who pursue an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in a specialty can further enhance their employment prospects and increase their salary. Firefighters can also move into administrative positions, such as fire chiefs or human resources directors. Those who have advanced degrees can also teach and conduct research in their area of expertise. In addition, they can be involved in fire safety education, and in the training of new firefighters.

    Comments Off on How to Become a Firefighter
  • Information

    Fire Protection – How to Keep Your Home and Family Safe From Fire

    There are a variety of ways to protect your home and family from fire. These include smoke alarms, fire extinguishers and having an escape plan. Many of these fire safety measures are inexpensive, making them easy for any household to implement.

    Fire protection also includes a number of features that are built into new buildings or upgraded building structures to meet certain fire safety codes and standards. For example, some buildings have compartmentation features that make it easy for firefighters to contain a fire to a small area within the building and keep occupants safe.

    The most important part of fire protection is the use of smoke detectors, which can alert you and your family to a possible fire before it causes any real damage. Make sure your smoke alarms are working and change the batteries each year. In addition, it is a good idea to have multiple exits from every room in your house and practice your escape plan with your family. You should know two ways out of each room and remove anything that could block the way during a fire such as furniture, curtains or other objects.

    In addition to smoke detectors, it is a good idea to have fire extinguishers on hand to extinguish small fires before they can spread and cause more damage. If you have a woodstove or fireplace, have the chimney inspected and cleaned each year to avoid buildup that can lead to a fire.

    When designing or upgrading a building, engineers often implement fire protection features like fire resistant walls, floors and ceilings to prevent the spread of a fire. Other fire safety features like fire stopping solutions are used to seal penetrations through these barriers in order to limit the amount of heat and smoke that can get into a room.

    Fire safety is just as important for businesses. If a business is forced to shut down due to a fire, it can cost the company millions of dollars in lost revenue and the loss of valuable equipment. Businesses need to take a proactive approach to keeping their buildings and employees safe.

    A fire protection system is a critical investment for any business. In the long run, a fire protection system can save millions of dollars in repairs and loss of revenue. If you’re considering installing a fire protection system, talk to an expert.

    If you’re in an area with wildfire smoke, stay inside as much as possible and limit your physical activities. Smoke from wildfires can trigger asthma and other health problems in children and adults, and can even be deadly for those with heart disease or respiratory illnesses. If you must go outside, wear a mask and consider using air filters in your home to reduce the amount of wildfire smoke you are breathing in. Check the AirNow and NOAA’s websites for updates on wildfire smoke in your area. AirNow’s “Smoke and Radiation Map” shows wildfire smoke from across North America.

    Comments Off on Fire Protection – How to Keep Your Home and Family Safe From Fire
  • Information

    Fire Stations

    fire stations

    Fire stations are the headquarters for fire departments, housing the apparatus that firefighters use to respond to emergency calls. A fire station contains a variety of equipment including engines, trucks, ladders, pumper tanks, and other pieces of firefighting machinery. A fire station also includes office space, training facilities, and a living quarters for the firefighter personnel.

    A fire station is usually located near a fire hydrant, to facilitate quick access to water for fighting the fire. A fire station may be a single building, or multiple buildings joined together in a complex. Firefighters can reach a fire scene by road, railway, or air, depending upon the local conditions and terrain of the area.

    Box (alarm): A mailslot or other file system in which a notecard with an incident information is tagged for dispatch to specific firefighters and pieces of equipment. Originally, each alarm was assigned a “box number” based on the location of the fire reported – for example, “box 6.” Boxes have later evolved to include escalation procedures.

    Quick attack: The practice of pulling a pre-connected hand line from a fire truck and beginning an exterior attack without waiting for the truck to be fully prepared to enter a burning structure. This is done when the fire has spread so rapidly that it would be hazardous for firefighters to enter, and the only option is to attack from outside.

    Salvage: Taking steps to preserve personal property at an emergency scene such as stopping sprinkler heads, shutting doors to uninvolved rooms and removing or covering items that are likely to be damaged during firefighting operations. The term is often used interchangeably with the term “recovery,” a more thorough search of the fire building or collapse zone for victims who may be trapped and require rescue operations.

    Tactical ventilation: Ventilation actions undertaken to release smoke, super-heated gases and other noxious materials within a fire-involved structure via natural or forced means (including opening up, closing down, or PPV methods). The successful use of tactical ventilation requires careful risk assessment, recognition of conditions and application by the experienced firefighter.

    PPV: Positive pressure ventilation: a method of forcing air from outside into a building through openings made or created by on-scene firefighting actions. The action is accomplished by creating a partial vacuum, using a constricted fluid flow and the Venturi effect.

    Fire buff: A person who has considerable interest in the fire service but is not an active member of it. A fire buff typically wears a shirt bearing the symbol of Saint Florian, patron saint of firefighters.

    Wet down ceremony: A traditional ceremonial event in which a new piece of firefighting apparatus is put into service. Traditionally, the procedure involves pushing the old vehicle out and wetting down the new one before placing it into service.

    AHJ: Authority having jurisdiction – the agency with legal responsibility for a given type of incident such as a fire, accident or a HAZMAT situation. The AHJ’s authority may change as the incident evolves, for instance, where fire becomes arson or recovery once the danger has passed.

    Comments Off on Fire Stations
  • Information

    What Does it Take to Become a Firefighter?


    Firefighters are trained to combat and extinguish fires, as well as respond to a variety of emergency situations. They are often employed by government organizations, but may also work for private companies or non-profits. Some common duties include delivering emergency medical services, conducting hazardous materials response operations, and providing education on fire safety. The career requires significant physical training and a strong commitment to public service. The work can be stressful, dangerous, and emotionally challenging. Firefighters are at a higher risk for certain cancers, heart disease, and other health problems.

    A high school diploma or GED is required to start a career as a firefighter. A bachelor’s degree in a relevant field is desirable, but not always necessary. In addition to formal educational requirements, a thorough background check and drug test are usually part of the hiring process. An oral interview covers short- and long-term goals, personal philosophy, and the reasons for choosing to become a firefighter.

    Training consists of a combination of classroom studies and practical on-the-job experience. Classes are typically held in the evenings and on weekends, and they can last for months at a time. Students are taught fire suppression techniques, first aid, and how to operate firefighting equipment, such as hoses, ladders, pumps, and rescue tools. During the training period, firefighters are expected to pass a series of physical fitness tests. These tests measure endurance, strength, aerobic capacity, and upper body agility. They are designed to simulate the kinds of activities that firefighters perform on a daily basis.

    Once firefighters complete their training, they are eligible for advancement within their departments. They can earn various ranks, ranging from engineer to lieutenant, captain, battalion chief, deputy fire chief, and finally, fire chief. Those interested in the career can pursue further training by taking college courses or earning advanced certifications.

    The duties of a firefighter require them to be quick-thinking and physically strong. They must be able to handle long hours under high levels of stress, and they are frequently exposed to toxic substances. They must also be comfortable working in hazardous and cramped conditions. Additionally, they must be able to follow instructions given to them by their superiors.

    According to a recent study by NIOSH, firefighters are at an increased risk for several types of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Additionally, they can suffer from chronic respiratory conditions and eye injuries. Despite the risks, many firefighters find their jobs rewarding and exciting. In addition to being a critical component of the community’s safety net, firefighters are respected and highly sought after. However, it’s important for firefighters to seek help for stress and emotional issues when needed. In some cases, it takes just one traumatic incident to trigger post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For others, it takes years of exposure to violence and tragedy before they break down. Counselors say they receive a lot of calls from wildland firefighters seeking help for depression, grief, addiction and other mental health problems.

    Comments Off on What Does it Take to Become a Firefighter?
  • Information

    Fire Protection Systems

    fire protection

    Fire protection systems are designed to help stop fires in a building before they can cause too much damage. Whether it’s mandated by local or state code, required by insurance or just good proactive thinking on the part of business owners or homeowners, these systems can be a vital life safety and property protection tool.

    Fires are a serious risk in any home or commercial facility and can destroy buildings, equipment, and cause loss of lives. While there are many ways to reduce the risks of fire in a home or business, the best way is to prevent them from starting in the first place. Fire prevention systems are a great way to do this because they can detect and react to a fire in its early stages, when it is still small. They can also help prevent the spread of fire and help keep it contained within one area of a building.

    Many different types of fire protection systems are available, and the right choice depends on the type of business and its needs. Some of the most popular options include fire alarms, fire extinguishers, and a comprehensive smoke detection system. These systems are an important part of any safety plan for a commercial facility, and can be installed easily and quickly.

    While these fire protection systems are very effective, they must be properly maintained and regularly tested to ensure proper operation. These tests are critical to ensuring the safety of everyone in the building and can also provide valuable information regarding how the system works and what may need to be improved or replaced.

    The legacy halon fire protection system worked by arresting the fire with a continuous stream of gas that smothered the flames and prevented them from spreading. This method of fire suppression was extremely effective and is why the halon system is still widely used in the military and some commercial buildings.

    While this method of fire protection is very effective, it can be dangerous for people and pets who are in close proximity to the fire. Because the gas is released in a concentrated stream, it can be very irritating to the respiratory tracts and skin of those nearby. Additionally, the halon system can release toxic carbon monoxide in addition to the smoke, which can be fatal.

    Taking steps to protect your home from wildfires includes preparing your house and establishing an escape plan. This includes keeping fire extinguishers in your home, having an emergency evacuation plan, and having fireproof safe deposit boxes for your valuables. It’s also a good idea to organize your house so that it is easier to escape in case of a fire. This is done by removing items that could block your exit and by creating clear escape routes. This can help to make it easier for your family members to get out of the house and to find each other in the event of a fire. You should also consider getting an auxiliary radio communication system to stay in contact with emergency services.

    Comments Off on Fire Protection Systems
  • Information

    How to Deal With a Fire Accident

    fire accident

    A fire accident can be a devastating event. In a matter of minutes, everything that you have can be reduced to nothing but ash and smoke. There are many victims of fire accidents who end up losing their lives or suffering severe injuries. Those who survive often deal with long-term recovery. This can be physically, emotionally, and financially draining on the victim. It is important to get the right personal injury attorney to fight for your rights and to help you recover from your injury.

    Workplace Fire Injuries

    Many fire accidents occur in the workplace. This is due to many reasons including lack of safety procedures, improper use of electrical equipment and gas leakage. Injuries suffered in a workplace fire can result in significant medical costs and loss of income. Some of the most common injuries include burns, lung damage from smoke inhalation and traumatic brain injury.

    If you are an employee who has been injured in a workplace fire, it is essential to follow protocol and immediately report your injury to your manager or supervisor. Be sure to provide all of the information requested on the paperwork including details of your symptoms. Be clear and concise, avoiding adding your own opinions or judgments to the accident report.

    It is also a good idea to take pictures of the area and any items that were damaged by the fire. This will be helpful when filing a claim with your insurance company. Be sure to save all receipts that you have related to your loss. You can use these to document your losses for tax purposes as well.

    After the initial shock and making sure that everyone is accounted for and safe, it’s time to start cleaning up and preparing for the next step. If you have a home, you’ll need to take stock of your belongings and figure out what was destroyed or harmed by the fire. It’s important to keep in mind that the fire department may disconnect your utilities, so be sure to start keeping receipts for these expenses as well.

    If you’re dealing with a loss of property in the wake of a fire accident, it’s also crucial to contact your insurance provider right away to begin the claims process. They will be able to guide you through the entire process. In addition, you should also try to get back into your normal routine as much as possible. This can help you to feel a little more in control of the situation and it can also speed up your recovery.

    In cases where a fire accident results in injury or even death, you may be entitled to compensation from the negligent party responsible for the incident. A settlement can cover medical bills, lost wages and other tangible expenses as well as non-tangible costs such as pain and suffering. A successful lawsuit can also serve as a warning to others to be more careful. The experienced fire accident lawyers at Shuman Legal can review your case and determine whether you are eligible for compensation.

    Comments Off on How to Deal With a Fire Accident
  • Information

    What Is Fire and How Does It Work?


    Fire is one of the four classical elements and is central to many cultures’ mythology. It’s also used for cooking, light, warmth and signalling, as well as for smelting and forging and to destroy waste. In modern times it is used for power generation, e.g. in coal or oil-fired power stations. It is also used for generating heat energy to dry clothes and cook food.

    The energy released by burning fuel can be converted to electricity through a thermal generator such as a steam turbine, producing mechanical work. It can also be used to produce heat directly by combustion, in internal combustion engines. The energy from a fire is often absorbed by the surrounding environment in the form of heat or vibrations (sound). Fire can also be used to create energy through evaporation, where water absorbs the energy of the flame and releases it as a cooler substance such as vapour.

    There are four things needed for fire to happen: oxygen, fuel, chemical reaction and heat. This is known as the fire triangle. Oxygen and fuel must be combined with the right amount of heat to cause a chemical reaction called combustion. When this happens, the atoms of the fuel rearrange themselves irreversibly and the resulting gases release heat. The reaction will continue as long as there is enough fuel, oxygen and heat. This is why it’s important to never leave candles unattended or keep them close to bed curtains, as this can lead to house fires.

    A fire’s flame is formed by a series of gas molecules which are hotter than the air around them, so they expand and move upwards in the direction of lower pressure. This is why a fire typically appears to be pointed upwards. The hot gases are also much lighter than the air they are moving through, making them travel more quickly than a steady breeze. It is also the reason why it is so hard to stop a fire once it gets started.

    Fire science is the branch of physical science which deals with fire behavior and dynamics. It includes research into the processes and physical properties of fire, such as its speed, shape and movement.

    Fire is one of the world’s most useful and fascinating natural phenomena, but it can be dangerous if misused. The most common way that people die from fire is from smoke inhalation. A fire can also damage structures, and cause significant environmental problems. The causes of fires include lightning, human activity, arson and electrical failures. People can protect themselves by heeding evacuation orders and following simple safety precautions, such as not leaving candles lit or keeping them away from flammable items like blankets. People can also prevent house fires by keeping their doors and windows closed, making sure to check that they are closed properly before going to sleep. They can also install smoke alarms, place them near a working escape route and regularly test their batteries.

    Comments Off on What Is Fire and How Does It Work?
  • Information

    What Does a Fire Truck Carry?

    When you hear that there’s a fire near you, you probably see a huge red vehicle blaring its sirens and honking its horn as it drives down the road toward the scene. This is a fire truck, an essential piece of machinery that brings all the tools that firefighters need to fight blazes and rescue people from them. Fire trucks are truly incredible, and they have come a long way since the days of the first bucket wagon.

    Most people have only ever seen fire engines, which are characterized by their bright red color and elevated ladders that are used to reach places of the building that are too high to get to using a normal ladder. They also often carry water pumps that generate never-ending sprays of water. Fire trucks also contain various other emergency equipment such as breathing masks, chainsaws and strong fans. These help in circulating air in the area so that smoke and fumes don’t get trapped inside the room.

    The exact tools that fire trucks carry depend on the needs of each fire department. Fire departments that work in urban areas might need the equipment to mitigate hazardous materials and effect technical rescues, while those that operate in wildland-urban interface environments might need to use their fire trucks to tackle brush fires.

    Conventional fire trucks can typically haul 8 firefighters to the scene of a blaze. Each firefighter will wear their bunker gear, which is a full set of protective clothing that includes a coat, pants and helmet. They will also have a pair of goggles and an air tank that helps them breathe clean air while at the fire scene.

    Some conventional fire trucks are equipped with a fixed deluge gun, which is usually referred to as a master stream. This gun is a special firefighting tool that can be directed at the area of the blaze and release a heavy water stream in the direction it is pointed. Fire trucks also have other water sources such as fire hydrants or water tenders, which can be connected to the fixed deluge gun to refill it quickly when required.

    Another feature that some fire trucks may have is an articulating boom. This is a type of platform ladder that can be extended in multiple ways and can even go “up and over” an obstacle, which is a useful capability when it comes to reaching difficult to reach areas of the structure.

    There are also many different types of fire truck vehicles, depending on the specific needs of each fire department. For example, some have a boom that can be tilted to direct the flow of water in any direction, while others have an articulating arm that allows the ladder to bend in one or more directions.

    There are numerous manufacturers that build and sell fire trucks in the US. Sutphen Corp, for instance, is an expert fire truck manufacturer with more than five generations of aerial apparatuses, chassis, pumpers and specialty fire vehicles under their belt. They also offer a wide range of services like 24 emergency service, testing and inspections, fire truck repair and maintenance, and replacement parts for current and obsolete fire trucks.

    Comments Off on What Does a Fire Truck Carry?