A firefighter is a person who is highly trained in the field of firefighting. They respond to emergency calls, fight fires, and rescue people and animals from hazardous situations. Male firefighters are sometimes referred to as firemen. In some places, firefighters can be classified as either firemen or firewomen. Their training is extensive and requires them to respond to various types of fires, both large and small. They are also trained to handle hazardous materials.
To be considered for a firefighting position, applicants must meet physical requirements. Most departments administer a Candidate Physical Ability Test (CPAT), which simulates various tasks and movements. The test will generally consist of eight timed activities that assess a candidate’s mental and physical capabilities. Other departments also conduct a yearly fitness test. This is necessary because firefighters must maintain excellent physical condition in order to perform their job duties. For more information, contact a local fire department and start applying.
While many candidates wonder how to become a firefighter, few inquire about career stability and advancement. In the public sector, advancement is often linked to experience and continued training. In addition to increasing earnings and responsibilities, firefighters may advance from firefighter to engineer or lieutenant. If they are determined to continue their training, firefighters may even be able to go on to become battalion chief. They will also receive safety training sessions to improve their skills.
Many firefighters also work in non-fire emergencies, such as accident scenes. They can secure a scene before ambulances arrive and can even search for missing persons. In addition to firefighting, firefighters often perform public education and serve as inspectors to prevent future fires. Firefighters ensure that local businesses comply with fire codes, have fire escapes, and have working sprinkler systems. They may also serve as investigators for criminal cases and accidents.
Firefighters are trained to respond to emergencies at any time. During an emergency, fire departments are faced with many dangers, including rushing into the midst of a potential crime. They must be fast to respond to these emergencies. That’s why firefighters are well-equipped with equipment and training to save lives. In addition to their gear, firefighters are required to obtain certifications in EMT and CPR. For the safety of themselves and their families, firefighters must receive training in this field.
Firefighters wear breathing apparatus to keep smoke from entering their lungs. Their masks have a bill that angles down to keep water from their necks. They should also wear safety gear to protect their bodies from the extreme heat. In addition to breathing in heavy protective gear, firefighters are required to wear face masks and other personal protective equipment. This equipment reduces their sense of touch, which can result in an increase in the risk of serious injuries.
To become a firefighter, candidates must possess a high school diploma and be over 18 years old. There are three required tests and an interview. Successful applicants then begin their apprenticeship training. Apprenticeship training can last up to four years and combines classroom instruction with hands-on training under the supervision of an experienced firefighter. Some positions require additional training in emergency medicine, such as certification as an emergency medical technician. The education requirements vary by state.