Fire protection is a wide discipline that covers the study and practice of mitigating unwanted fire-related emergencies and conditions. It involves the study of fire behaviour, compartmentalization and suppression and the development, production and application of mitigation systems for buildings, structures and ships.
The goal of a fire safety plan is to ensure that all building occupants are able to escape from the building without being injured or killed. This is achieved through fire prevention, evacuation procedures and compliance with a variety of NFPA codes.
A fire safety plan should be in place and documented so that everyone knows what to do in the event of a fire emergency. This is important to avoid misunderstandings or panic during an emergency situation which could result in a stampede. A fire safety plan should also include procedures for dealing with evacuating the building and the location where people will meet after the blaze has been extinguished.
Active fire protection involves systems that react to a fire by acting directly against it, either manually (for example a fire extinguisher) or programmed (for example a sprinkler system). It is considered proactive as it can prevent a fire from starting in the first place or stopping it from spreading once it has started.
Passive fire protection includes simple things you can do in your home, such as making sure your curtains are not flammable or keeping candles away from flammable items. It also means closing your bedroom door at night to create a barrier. Having a fire escape plan and practicing it with your family is also very important. It should include 2 ways out of every room, as well as checking that windows can be opened easily.
If a fire does break out, it is crucial to stay as calm as possible and call 9-1-1 right away. It is also important to make sure that your escape route is clear, and not blocked by furniture or other items.
Clutter in your home is one of the most common causes of house fires, as it can spread quickly and block an exit. It is important to keep your home as clutter-free as possible, and to have a fire escape plan for each member of your family.
When escaping from your home in the event of a fire, it is best to stay low to the ground so that smoke does not fill your lungs. If you are trapped in a room, try to hang something out of the window that can be seen by first responders, such as a white sheet.
It is important to conduct regular maintenance on your fire protection system. This will involve a physical inspection of the equipment and testing. It is also a good idea to have a fire safety plan that includes staff awareness and evacuation procedures, as well as compliance with a number of NFPA codes.