Fire protection is a branch of engineering that focuses on mitigating the dangers associated with fire. This includes the study of the behaviour, suppression and investigation of fire and its related emergencies, as well as the research, development, production, testing and application of mitigating systems.
The first step is to prevent fires from happening in the first place. This means keeping equipment in top working order and utilizing diagnostics and system analytics that can help predict trouble before it occurs.
When there is a fire, it is important to evacuate as soon as possible. This is because it helps to control the growth of the flames and reduces the risk of people being burned.
During an emergency, it is also important to stay as far away from the source of smoke as possible. This will help to prevent people from getting sick and suffering from breathing problems.
Smoke can cause severe eye damage and worsen chronic heart and lung diseases. This is especially true for people with lung diseases such as asthma or COPD, and those who are older.
In many cases, firefighters can help to contain a fire and smoke by using a combination of sprinklers and other devices. These systems are designed to suppress the fire by spraying water or other material over the flames or smoke and then automatically alerting the authorities.
Another type of fire protection is compartmentation, which divides a building into manageable areas that can be easily accessed during an emergency. This is a critical aspect of fire safety and is required by law.
This compartmentation is achieved by installing ‘fire-rated’ walls, doors and cavity barriers that are designed to resist the spread of fire over time. In addition, fire stopping solutions are used to seal around service penetrations and prevent smoke from moving into other areas.
The next step is to make sure that there is adequate evacuation and fire-fighting equipment in the building. These include a combination of fire extinguishers, alarm systems, escape ladders, evacuation routes and emergency lighting.
Fire-fighting equipment should be maintained in good condition and inspected regularly by a certified technician to ensure that it remains in working order. This is important because the longer a fire-fighting apparatus is in operation, the more likely it is to be damaged and need to be repaired or replaced.
You should also make sure that there is a fire plan and emergency procedures in place for each area of your building. This is an important part of ensuring that the safety of employees, customers and visitors is not compromised.
If there is a fire in your home, do not try to escape by re-entering the building, as it can often result in a number of casualties. This is not what we see in movies and television, which depicts the hero rushing into the flames to rescue people. Instead, try to use exit stairwells and if your building is a high rise building, hang a sheet out a second story window to indicate where you are located for emergency responders.