Fire protection encompasses a number of systems and procedures designed to keep occupants safe in the event of a fire. These systems involve effective evacuation procedures and compliance with a variety of codes. These codes are designed to protect occupants, property, and equipment from the unwanted effects of a fire.
Typically, fire safety plans are required by law for buildings with certain occupancy rates and other types of facilities. These plans are meant to identify specific fire hazards and reduce them as much as possible. They also provide information about the type, location, and operation of fire protection systems. Some fire safety plans also include detailed maintenance and testing procedures for those systems.
The main goal of a fire protection system is to detect a fire and then extinguish it. Different systems use different methods to do so. They may use flame detection, heat sensors, smoke detectors, or other types of detectors to warn people in the area about a fire. Some systems can even extinguish a fire before it can spread.
Some types of fire protection systems can extinguish a fire without using water, which is important for buildings that contain electrical equipment or other sensitive items that would be damaged by water. These systems usually work through gaseous agents that are activated when a fire is detected. They are fast and easy to activate, and they can effectively extinguish various types of fires.
Another method of fire protection is through compartmentation, which separates areas within a building. Specialty walls, doors, and barriers are used to prevent smoke from spreading between different sections of a building. They are also installed to limit the amount of damage that is caused by a fire.
In some cases, a fire will still spread between compartments, so specialist installers can place barriers at the intersections of corridors and rooms. This helps keep a fire contained to a single room, which helps minimize the risk to occupants.
Other methods of fire protection include limiting the storage of combustible materials in a facility. This can be done by storing waste paper, oily rags, and other combustibles in safe containers that are regularly removed from the building. Additionally, any files or collections that are stored in a building should be kept in fire resistant cabinets.
Other ways to prevent fires is by ensuring that escape routes are clear and accessible at all times. This can be achieved by ensuring that exit stairwells are unobstructed, and that emergency lights are visible and working. It is also important to train staff about proper evacuation procedures. This includes remaining calm in the event of a fire, alerting others if safe to do so, helping anyone who needs assistance, and not reentering a building until it has been cleared by emergency services personnel. In addition, it is a good idea to document any damage that occurred in the event of a fire so that insurance claims can be filed if necessary.