Fire Trucks and Engines
Almost all fire departments have fire trucks that are used to help fight fires. These vehicles are generally divided into two sections – the front section has the captain and driver, while the rear section is where the rest of the crew hangs out. A fire truck is generally equipped with a large ladder, a water pump, and other equipment for fighting fires. The colors of these vehicles vary depending on the region.
Fire trucks are used to extinguish fires, as well as provide medical treatment and rescue support to firefighters. Many of these vehicles have a radio system, which is essential for communicating with backend teams at the main fire department. They also have artificial lights and high-intensity ventilation fans. The colors of the fire trucks vary depending on the region, as well as the type of engine.
The National Fire Protection Association has established a standard for automotive fire apparatus, and fire trucks are classified based on function and type. Each fire truck ‘type’ is required to carry certain gear, such as a chainsaw or breathing mask. A fire truck may also be equipped with forcible entry equipment, hazmat equipment, and other structural gear.
Fire engines, on the other hand, are vehicles used to transport the local fire department to the fire source. These vehicles are often pick-up trucks based, but are also available in smaller versions. They can be designed to pump water while on the move. They also typically have a water tank and a fire hydrant, which is a water connection point. The tank can hold 500 to 3,000 gallons of water. A fire engine is designed to transport four to six firefighters.
A fire truck has a hose reel, which makes it easy to stow hoses for quick deployment. Its pump panel is controlled by a lever that controls the pressure of the water. A fire truck can also be equipped with a power take-off pump, which allows the vehicle to stay in motion while fighting the fire. A fire truck can also be equipped with portable air tanks, which can hold compressed air for breathing gases.
The water tank on a fire truck can hold 500 to 3,000 gallons, and can also contain flammable liquids. The hoses that are connected to a fire truck expel the water at different pressures, rates, and directions. Some fire trucks even have a snorkel for use in underwater rescues. Firefighters also use aerial ladders to reach high areas. Some ladders are capable of articulating, which allows the truck to go “up and over” obstacles.
The term fire truck was originally used to refer to almost any fire department vehicle. However, the National Fire Protection Association has developed a standard for fire apparatus that makes use of the same terminology to ensure that firefighters have the necessary equipment and training to deal with any fire. The NFPA standard defines the fire truck as “any vehicle that is used to transport firefighting personnel and emergency equipment to a fire scene.”
There are many different types of fire trucks, but each type serves a different purpose. For example, the type 3 engine is designed for wildland firefighting. These engines can be equipped with a power take-off, and have a smaller body than the Type 5 or 6 engines. They are also typically 4-wheel drive. The Type 5 and 6 engines have a larger GVWR, or gross vehicle weight rating. This means they can transport more people and equipment.